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Skin Cancer (Non Melanoma): Major Risk Factors and Prevention

Posted by Ann V. On 2016 Sep 16th

Skin Cancer (Non Melanoma): Major Risk Factors and Prevention

Skin cancers or Non Melanoma Cancer is mostly caused by UV rays. Read here the risk factors and some preventing steps.

Ultraviolet Rays or UV rays are responsible for the skin cancer as it break down DNA in skin cells. UV light has three types which cause skin cancers such as ultraviolet A, ultraviolet B and ultraviolet C, among them UBV is believed to be the main cause of the non-melanoma skin cancer.

In addition to UV rays, artificial sources of light, such as sunlamps, and tanning beds make your skin prone to the skin cancer. Being overexposure to sun again and again means you have developed a high risk of non-melanoma skin cancer. Below these risk factors are explained in detailed.

Note: These factors can only increase the risk for you though they can’t be the direct causes of the skin cancer.

Sun exposure

Over exposure to UV radiation makes you prone to the skin cancer. It commonly affects the people living at high altitudes or in the places where bright sunlight is available throughout the year. Besides, people spending their much of time outside during day hours have the chances to develop the skin cancer.

Artificial Tanning

The skin cancer can take those into its grip who are into the recreational sun tanning. You must avoid the tanning beds, sun lamps and tanning parlors for that.

Fair skin

It is found that fair skin has the burning tendency than other skin completion, thereby causing the skin cancer. People with blond or red hair, fair complexion and freckles are prone to the skin cancer.

A History of Sunburns or Fragile Skin.

A sunburned skin can be the reason behind skin cancer. Squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma are likely to affect the people who have been overexposed to the sun and other sources of Ultra violet radiation.

Previous Skin Cancer and Diagnosis:

Having skin cancer in the past can increase your chances to develop other skin cancer. Study shows that 35-50% of people treated with one basal cell carcinoma are at the high risk to develop a new skin cancer in few years. Thus, if you have had one skin cancer, you must follow the clinical guidelines to prevent the new one. Likewise, people who have received radiation therapy to treat cancer can be vulnerable to the basal cell carcinoma. Children who are treated with radiation therapy can develop a basal cell carcinoma six times higher.

Family History:

Study shows that if anyone in your family members or “kith and kin” are having non melanoma skin cancer, chances are you can have the same.

Prevention Measures:

  • Minimize the direct exposure to sun during mid day.
  • Cover yourself properly on ear, face, neck and ears with the clothes labeled as UV protection while stepping into the sun.
  • Apply sunscreen for a better protection against UVA and UVB radiation and has SPF 30, at least.
  • Check your skin regularly to see the sunburn and rashes.