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Pregnancy And Diabetes

Posted by Ann V. On 2016 Jun 7th

Pregnancy And Diabetes

Only a few know that diabetes and pregnancy have a strong connection. Well, if you are going to step into the all new world, it is important you learn a little more about it. Read on here to know more.


It definitely brings forth lots of happiness. But, it is full of challenges. There is a lot you need to take care of. And, it becomes more difficult when you have diabetes.


It is defined as a condition when the amount of sugar level in the blood becomes too high. Basically, glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods, like bread and rice. Your pancreas produces a hormone - insulin, which helps the body to use glucose for energy.

The pregnant (or planning to be) women can be affected by three types of diabetes, i.e. type 1 and type 2 diabetes. While these both are long-term conditions and are considered to be pre-existing diabetes. There is another type, which develops only in pregnancy and end up after the baby is born. It is termed to be Gestational diabetes.

A Little More About Gestational Diabetes

As stated earlier, this kind of diabetes occurs only in pregnancy. Although, it can occur in any stage of pregnancy, yet it is highly common in the second half. The reason being, in that duration your body fails to produce enough extra insulin in order to meet the demands of pregnancy. After the delivery, gestational diabetes goes away as the pancreas start producing appropriate amount of insulin.

Although most women with diabetes deliver a healthy baby, yet diabetes is said to add higher risk of some complications.

How To Know If You Have Gestational Diabetes?

As far as the symptoms are considered, gestational diabetes doesn’t produce some specific characteristics. Therefore, doctors advise all the pregnant women to have a glucose-screening test between 24 and 28 weeks.

In case, you're at high risk of diabetes and/or are experiencing some signs of it, like having sugar in your urine, you need to go for screening test at the first prenatal visit. The test needs to be repeated again at 24 to 28 weeks in the case of initial result comes to be negative.

What if you get a positive result on the glucose-screening test? Don’t panic! It is not necessary you have gestational diabetes. But, now you need to take a longer follow-up test to examine the problem.

Are You At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes?

Although it is advisable to go for the screening test from time to time, yet you can consider yourself to be at high risk of gestational diabetes if you find one or more characteristics in you:

  • You are overweight. Generally, women with body mass index over 30 are more suspected to it.
    • In case it is your second pregnancy and you've had gestational diabetes previously.
    • You have high sugar in your urine.
    • For those having a strong family history of diabetes are more prone to it.
    • If you have had an unexplained stillbirth or a baby with a birth defect earlier
    • Those having high blood pressure and are over 35.
  • What To Do To Prevent Gestational Diabetes?

    You must consult your doctors regularly. Meanwhile, you can follow the below listed tips to reduce the risk of getting gestational diabetes. Have a look:

    Eating Healthily: It is quite obvious that in pregnancy you need to plan your meals wisely. But when you are suspected to gestational diabetes, you need to add slow-release carbohydrates, for example brown rice and wholegrain pasta. Avoid fatty meats with lean protein, like chicken, fish and pulses.

    Exercise: Following a healthily diet chart is not sufficient. In order control your blood sugar levels adding an exercise regime is recommended. Different sorts of exercise can be considered during pregnancy like yoga, swimming, or brisk walking.

    Sleep well: A good sleep is much required. Don’t miss at any cost!