Heart Attack – The most prevalent health issue these days. Typically, heart attacks are caused due to the blocking of coronary arteries by the blood clot. The coronaries are responsible for bringing blood and oxygen to the heart. If the blood flow is blocked, the heart is starved of oxygen and heart cells die. Here are the details about how heart attack can be caused in any individual.
Causes Of Heart Attack
A substance known as Plaque – made up of cholesterol and other cells can accumulate in the walls of the coronary arteries.
A heart attack may occur when:
• A tear in the plaque occurs. Due to this damage, the blood platelets and other substances form a blood clot at the site, which blocks the blood flow to the heart.
• A slow buildup of plaque may narrow one of the coronary arteries so that it is almost blocked.
Heart attack may occur:
• When you are at rest or asleep
• After a sudden increase in physical activity
• When you are active outside in cold weather
• After sudden, severe emotional or physical stress, including an illness
What Causes A Heart Attack?
The correct answer is all of the above.
When plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, a heart disease can lead to a heart attack. The formation of a blood clot can block the flow of blood to the heart causing a heart attack.
Sometimes, a heart attack occurs due to a spasm in an artery, which supplies blood to the heart.
What Are Risk Factors For Heart Disease And Heart Attack That You Can Control?
Stop smoking! This is the best thing you can do for protecting your heart. You can also reduce the risk of heart attack by maintain a healthy weight, taking a low-fat diet, and doing regular exercise. However, you should talk to your doctor before starting to exercise. In addition, taking your medicine for high blood pressure and diabetes can also lower your risk.
What Are The Risk Factors You Can't Control?
In case of Heart Attack, men are at greater risk than women. However, after menopause, this risk increases in women too. Other than this, African-Americans, American Indians, Mexican-Americans, Hawaiians, and some Asian-Americans have a higher risk for heart problems. It can also occur due to genetically – mean if your parents or grandparents had heart disease, you are also at risk.
Stress act as an add-on to your risk of heart disease. Some studies have found a link between stress and heart disease. The way you deal with stress can also have an adverse effect.
Plus, if you overeat, smoke or drink alcohol to excess in response to stress, your risk goes up. As such, drinking red wine is a good way to lower your risk for heart disease. While some studies show that alcohol may have small heart benefits, it also increases the risk of high blood pressure, obesity, and breast cancer. So, if you drink, limit it to no more than one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men.
Signs Of Heart Attack
Not everyone has the typical sign of a heart attack including sudden and intense chest pain. Chest pain may be mild or feel more like pressure or fullness. Not everyone beats the same symptoms, so you should know all the signs of a heart attack.
What Are The Warning Signs Of A Heart Attack?
While chest pain or discomfort is the most common symptom, signs of heart attack can be less clear, and you may not know what's going on. The more symptoms you start noticing the symptoms, the more likely you are having a heart attack.
Men and women can have all the same warning signs. However, women are more likely to have shortness of breath, nausea, back or jaw pain, or feel light-headed. These symptoms may occur without chest pressure or pain.
What To Do If You Think You Are Having A Heart Attack?
Minutes count during a heart attack; the early you get help the less damage to your heart. Aspirin can be harmful for some people, so avoid taking it unless you’re told to do by emergency or medical personnel.