If your doctor has recommended your biopsy, you need to know that it will be a painful process. Need a solution to make it pain-free? Check out here for more details.
Have you recently spotted a dark patch on your foot? Is it changing frequently? Or it has started bleeding?
Such type of growths or discolorations of the skin has not to be overlooked. And don’t get surprised if your doctor recommended you a biopsy. This process is essential to determine the exact nature of the lesion on your skin. Reason being, it can be a more serious life-threatening skin conditions. Don’t confuse it with a wart or blister.
What is biopsy? Why is it recommended?
The collection of cells or tissues is referred to biopsy. A sample is taken from the skin which is further used to examine and identify the presence or extent of a disease.
The skin lesions are biopsied from your skin and it is sent to a pathologist for examination. As the biopsy will determine the exact nature of the ailment, it will be a true diagnosis to find if the lesion is malignant or benign.
As far as the categorization is concerned, it can be broadly divided into:
- CARDIAC BIOPSY: It is a procedure which removes a very small sample of your heart muscle. This sample is later evaluated in a lab to determine the cause of cardiac myopathy. It can also be done to check for rejection after a heart transplant.
- PUNCH BIOPSY: This one is the main biopsy method. It is done using a circular blade or trephine attached to a pencil-like handle. In this case, the instrument will be is rotated down through the epidermis and dermis to obtain full-thickness skin specimens.
- CORE BIOPSY: When the tissue is removed using a wider hollow needle, it is termed as a core biopsy. It is a less painful one and without the need for general anesthesia. You will be able to go home with nothing more than a band-aid.
- LYMPH NODE BIOPSY: It is done when removal of all or part of a lymph node is required. In this case, a pathologist views the tissue under a microscope, to detect cancer cells. Usually, during this kind of biopsy, an entire lymph node will be taken out.
- BONE MARROW BIOPSY: If your blood tests show too low or too high levels of platelets or white or red blood cells, your doctor may order a bone marrow biopsy. It uses a needle to get obtain a small sample of the bone marrow. It is commonly used to determine the cause abnormalities, such as leukemia or lymphomas.
- ENDOMETRIAL BIOPSY: It is a procedure in which a sample of endometrial, i.e. uterine lining tissue is obtained. This will be done using a tube which is first inserted into the uterus. Later the tissue sample will be examined under a microscope to determine if some abnormal or cancer cells are present.
- COLPOSCOPY-DIRECTED BIOPSY: It is a method referred to an examination of the cervix, vagina, and vulva. Being done with a surgical instrument called a colposcope, it is usually performed if the results of your Pap smear are unusual.
- ENDOSCOPIC BIOPSY: This procedure is used to reach the tissues inside the body, to gather samples from areas such as colon, bladder, or lung. Basically, the endoscope is a flexible tube which will be inserted into an orifice like mouth or anus or might be through a small skin incision. After the lump is accessed, cutting tools are used and threaded through the tube to obtain the sample of tissue.
- EXCISIONAL BIOPSY: This type is recommended when the entire abnormality or area of interest has to be removed. It means the entire lump of abnormal skin will be removed and then the wound will be stitched. Being generally performed for the breast lumps, it is meant to remove a noncancerous tumor such as a fibroadenoma of the breast.
- INCISIONAL BIOPSY: It is a procedure in which a small area of tissue is taken out. This is done in order to identify the composition of a lesion or abnormality.
- NEEDLE BIOPSY: Performed with a slender hypodermic needle, it is a procedure to obtain a sample of cells from your body which are sent for laboratory testing. It usually includes core needle biopsy and fine-needle aspiration. It is used to take out tissue or fluid samples from bones, muscles, and other organs, such as the liver or lungs.
Regardless of the fact which biopsy did the doctor recommended, you need to understand that the process is painful.
Simply, it involves the removal of the skin tissue which will definitely cause some amount of pain. In many cases, patients feel pain or discomfort for a couple of hours. But thanks to topical anesthetic creams. These can be used to make the process pain-free
Why Are Numbing Cream Used For Biopsy?
These days lidocaine based creams are used to minimize the pain in the biopsy. It has turned out to be the most efficient option for managing the pain. Creams like Dr.Numb® come with 5% lidocaine. Hence, when you apply it, it blocks the pain signals at the nerve endings. It desensitizes the skin patch and you will not feel any sensations.
If the doctor has recommended you biopsy, make sure you to buy Dr.Numb® beforehand.